Farmhouse expenses

The IRD have long permitted a straightforward concession allowing a flat 25 percent deduction for farmhouse expenses, as well as 100 percent deductions for interest and rates. The concession is not legislated and dates back to the 1960s, when farm ownership and operating structures were generally less complicated than they are today.

However, IRD recently announced that the concession is to be withdrawn from the start of the 2017-18 year. It will be replaced by a new approach that is intended to more accurately capture the business versus private costs relating to maintaining the farmhouse.

Under the proposed methodology, farming businesses will generally need to apportion farmhouse expenses between business and private use on a just and reasonable basis – time and space will generally be the appropriate method, consistent with other types of businesses.

Where expenses are incurred on the farm as a whole, the farmhouse expenses will first need to be determined based on the cost of the farmhouse (including curtilage and improvements) relative to the cost of the farm, before the apportionment between private and business use of the farmhouse is calculated.

The IRD have however recognised that there will be occasions where this will be impractical to calculate. They have addressed this by proposing that where the cost of the farmhouse is less than 20 percent of the total cost of the farm, farmers can follow an alternative method by deducting 15 percent of all farmhouse expenses, as well as continuing to claim 100 percent of the interest costs relating to the farmhouse. This should make the compliance and record keeping process more straightforward for these entities.

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